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CBD 101: A Beginner’s Guide

If you’re interested in trying CBD oil for the first time, you probably have a lot of questions on how to use CBD oil such as: What kind of CBD oil should I get? How to take CBD oil? How much CBD oil should I take?

While CBD has been growing in popularity in recent years, there is still a lot of confusion and it may be overwhelming to someone who has never tried it before. 

Firstly, CBD is a cannabinoid (compound found in cannabis) which is known for its several therapeutic benefits. Importantly, it is the second most abundant cannabinoid and one of the most well known by the general public. CBD can be used to ameliorate inflammatory, pain , sleep disorder, anxiety and mood conditions. Truly a versatile and beneficial compound, CBD is also specifically not psychotropic. Unlike THC which has psychoactive mental altering properties, CBD does not have any of these. Meaning that there is no risk of intoxication in the manner similar to marijuana, in which THC is the major psychoactive and prominent component. 

CBD can come in various forms, including gummies, oils , flower, topicals, capsules, concentrates and edibles. The extent of THC component in the a CBD product is denoted by its extract type. These could be either broad spectrum, full spectrum or isolate. Broad spectrum and isolate contain no THC component, while full spectrum does up until the legal limit of below 0.3% by dry weight. Isolate contains just CBD as a single cannabinoid, while broad spectrum includes CBC, CBG and other related cannabinoids that come with their ow benefits. 

Extracts are relevant to a phenomenon called the entourage effect. The entourage effect occurs when a synergy is established between several different cannabinoids (including THC). The various different components combine to produce a more robust effect on the body than otherwise, on a singular basis. 

Knowing Your CBD 

You should always ensure that the CBD you buy comes outfitted with lab results. Not all brands are serious about such transparency, so it is important to make sure that you buy CBD from the right place. Chow420 is committed to providing a framework for trust and transparency in the CBD marketplace. You can see how we help keep you safe here

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Full spectrum

Full spectrum CBD has numerous other cannabinoid compounds from the cannabis plant, along with low levels of THC. Usually, the THC quantities are less than 0.3% on a dry weight basis, since this is the federal law requirement for CBD products.

This low quantity of THC is not usually potent enough to cause the “high” that people typically associate with cannabis.

However, the levels of THC can increase when the manufacturer creates a concentrate. For example, some tinctures can contain up to 2 milligrams per milliliter of THC, and this can, in some cases, have a euphoric effect.

Full spectrum CBD also contains terpenes from the cannabis plant. Terpenes tend to give plants their scent.

Research points to the existence of the “entourage effect,” which posits that when multiple cannabis plant compounds are present along with CBD extract, this increases the health benefits of the CBD.

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Broad spectrum

Broad spectrum CBD products also contain additional compounds from the cannabis plant, such as cannabichromene (CBC), cannabinol (CBN), cannabigerol (CBG) and terpenes, such as myrcene, limonene, or pinene.

Most broad-spectrum CBD products do not contain THC. However, on occasion, products may have trace amounts.

Like full spectrum CBD, broad spectrum CBD products may also have some additional health benefits due to the resulting “entourage effect.”

Broad spectrum CBD may be more suitable for people who wish to avoid THC, as even the low amounts in full spectrum CBD could show up on a drug test.

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CBD isolate only contains CBD and does not have any additional compounds from the cannabis plant.

People who wish to avoid THC altogether may prefer to choose CBD isolate products.

By using CBD isolate products, a person can determine whether or not CBD alone effectively eases their ailments, as there are no other active compounds present that may interfere or interact with its effect.

As mentioned above, there is evidence to suggest that the use of CBD products containing multiple cannabis plant compounds may produce more prominent effects.


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No Spectrum

No spectrum products do not contain cannabis compounds in them.

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Given reports of mislabeling and content misrepresentation in the CBD market, Chow420's Know What You Buy  intiative, customers can be assured of safe and vetted CBD products that contain what they say on the label. 

Chow420 CBD labels are the most accurate representation on the market. We sell only the best, purest CBD gummies, vapes, oils, topicals and tinctures for stress relief, pain relief, sleep and focus

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Cannabinoids are naturally occurring chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant (phytocannabinoids), as well as in the bodies of mammals (endocannabinoids). Cannabinoids interact with the receptors of an individual's endocannabinoid system to produce a wide array of benefits. 

In the cannabis plant, though there can be as many as 100 cannabinoids, two main cannabinoid compounds stand out. They are: delta-9 THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol). THC is specifically popular, widely known for its psychoactive properties and close association with the euphoric 'high' experienced when marijuana is consumed. CBD is known to have therapeutic benefits that can assist with conditions such as sleep disorders, pain, anxiety and mood and skincare. Interestingly, CBD is also possesses anti-psychoactive properties that can serve to counter the effect of THC. 

The Endocannabinoid system 

The endocannabinoid system is the focal area of cannabinoid action in the body. It provides a unique communications system that regulates several functions and responses. These include pain management, mood , memory and sleep. To read more, click here

How do Cannabinoids Function ? 

Cannabinoids function by interacting with receptors in the endocannabinoid system. They influence how cells communicate with one another. 

What is CBD? 

CBD is a cannabinoid that is gotten from the cannabis plant. Industrial hemp CBD is legal in the USA. This is legally defined as cannabis plants which contain less than 0.3% THC content by dry weight. CBD can come in the form of gummies, vapes, flower, capsules, edibles, oils & tinctures or concentrates

Its benefits include euphoria, mood elevation, sleep health improvement, anti-inflammation activity, anti-anxiety effect and skincare among others. CBD is a versatile compound that can quite frankly improve your life quality in many ways. 

In order to enjoy the best of CBD it is important that you take products from brands and platforms that prioritize your safety. Yes, your safety ! The CBD market has a transparency problem which some studies estimate as quite serious. Many products are mislabeled or contaminated. As much as 70% of the products on the market. Chow420 ensures that every product you buy comes equipped with a certificate of analysis (COA) lab reports and records them on a safe and secure platform for review. Read more here.


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Introduction to the Endocannabinoid System (ECS)

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a far-reaching cell communication system found in the bodies of all mammals – including people and pets! It was discovered by scientists studying tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), a cannabinoid compound.

The ECS is involved in modulating activity towards different functions which include: mood elevation, sleep, appetite, focus and memory. The ECS exists in every individual's body. Even those who do not use cannabis. In the ECS receptors, enzymes and receptors are the means by which functions are carried out. Fundamentally, endocannabinoids are cannabinoids produced by the body. Hence the term, endogenous cannabinoids.


For now, two endocannabinoids have been identified by researchers. They are: anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglyrol (2-AG). The body produces these cannabinoids according to the demands of the individual's needs. The both of them help keep the body running smoothly. 

Endocannabinoid Receptors

ECS receptors are found everywhere in the human body. Endocannabinoids bind to them to trigger action in the endocannabioid system (ECS). The two main receptors include: CB1 receptors (found in the central nervous system) and CB2 receptors (found in the peripheral nervous system; mostly in immune cells). 

Functionally, endocannabioids ca bind to either receptor. The resulting effect will depend on where the receptor is located and what endocannabinoid is invoved in the interaction. For instance, endocannabinoids can bind to CB1 receptors in a spinal nerve to target pain relief action. In another instance, endocannabinoids can bind to CB2 receptors in the immune cells to alert the body to respond to inflammation. This is a summary of the dynamic between endocannabinoids and endocannabinoid receptors. 


Enzymes deconstruct or breakdown the endocannabinoids once they have carried out their function. The fatty acid enzyme amide hydrolase breaks down anandamide (AEA), while the monoacylglycerol acid lipase breaks down 2-arachidonoylglyrol (2-AG).

Functions of the ECS ? What Does It Do ?

For now, research has pointed to utility of the ECS towards roles in the following functions: appetite and digestion, chronic pain, mood, sleep, metabolism, inflammation, immune system responses, muscle formation, bone growth, skin and nerve function, among others. All these varied functions are geaed towards ensuring homeostasis or internal stability. 

CBD vs THC: Interactions with the Endocannabinoid System

THC: Tetrahydrocannabinol is the cannabinoid that causes the euphoric high associated with marijuana. It is a powerful canabinoid that when in the body binds to both the CB1 and CB2 receptors. This generates a range of effects in the human body. It can help assist pain relief and work for appetite stimulation OR it can also trigger anxiety and cause feelings of paranoia for some people. 

CBD: CBD on the other hand has no psychoactive properties. This means that it cannot get you high or cause any of the mental alterations experienced with THC. CBD binds to the CB1 and CB2 receptors in a different way than THC. Explanations from researchers differ on the particulars. Some posit that it workd towards stopping endoicannabinoids from being broken down. Thereby allowing the body to benefit longer from the effect of such endocannabinoids. Others explain that perhaps it binds to a different receptor that has not yet been discovered. 








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It stands for “phytocannabinoid rich hemp oil”, which is a full spectrum botanical extract taken from the Cannabis sativa L. (a.k.a. industrial hemp) plant. The two most prominent phytocannabinoids are CBD and THC. There are over 80 documented phytocannabinoids that contribute to what is referred to as the “entourage effect,” which means these compounds work together as a team to promote homeostasis. According to current regulations, PCR can contain 0.3% or less of THC.

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You may not be familiar with CBG (Cannabigerol) because of all the current and well-deserved hype around CBD (Cannabidiol).


Read on to learn why it might be worthwhile to check it out the next time you visit your brick-and-mortar or online dispensary.


What is CBG?

CBG is known as the mother of cannabinoids. All of the cannabinoids you’re familiar with come from the acidic form of CBG. CBG is not psychoactive, so it won’t get you high, and it doesn’t deliver any of the less desirable potential side effects of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). CBG is mostly found in low-TCH, high-CBD strains of cannabis, including hemp.

The receptors in your brain react to CBG the same way they react to THC, but CBG buffers and counteracts the psychoactivity and intoxicating effects. Consequently, you can experience the beneficial effects without getting high.


What Can CBG Do for You?

Let’s discuss one aspect of how your body works.


One of the primary regulators for many of your body’s functions is called your endocannabinoid system. It’s a complex system that touches all the bases as your body deals with things like stress, pain, inflammation, and immune responses. It’s also believed to affect other functions like sleep, digestion, appetite, and memory. Some say it also affects fertility.

CBG heads straight to the receptors in your endocannabinoid system, so it’s easy to understand how CBG can influence your overall well-being (homeostasis).


There hasn’t been a lot of scientific research done to form a complete picture of all the benefits that CBG delivers. However, there is a treasure trove of anecdotal reporting to bolster the limited scientific research to lend credence to these reported benefits:

  1. It helps your body control pain, fight inflammation, and ward off attacks of nausea.
  2. It helps your brain develop a greater capacity for focusing and paying attention by facilitating the production of new brain cells (neurogenesis).
  3. It improves your response to stress and anxiety and promotes relaxation.
  4. Reduces the pressure inside your eye (intraocular pressure) caused by glaucoma, which can impair your vision.
  5. It helps stimulate your appetite if you have a condition that makes you want to avoid food or lessens your desire to eat.
  6. Slows or halts the progress of colorectal carcinoma (cancer) cells.
  7. Helps treat irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and Crohn’s disease by providing therapeutic relief.
  8. It may help regulate your metabolism, especially in the context of how your cells store fat.
  9. It may act as a neuroprotectant for your brain’s nerve cells and improve motor deficits to help manage Huntington’s disease.
  10. It may contain antibacterial properties that are especially effective to help ward off staph infection (MRSA).

What’s the Most Effective Way to Use CBG?

The three most common ways to take CBG are:

  • Oil Droppers (CBG tinctures) allow you to administer a precise dose under your tongue (sublingual) for the fastest results.
  • Capsules dissolve slowly and provide a steady, measured release of CBG into your system. This method is slower but is just as beneficial.
  • CBG Hemp Flower can be taken for quick effect and absorption


How Much Does CBG Cost?

CBG is not cheap. Like anything else, prices will vary by supplier and based on quality.


It’s hard to find pure CBG. And when you do find it, you can expect to pay $8-$12 per gram (and possibly more).


You will find CBG in most broad-spectrum CBD oils, where even a small concentration is somewhat beneficial, and you don’t have to deal with the effects of THC. The amount of CBG in these products is minimal, but the good thing about cannabinoids is that they have what’s called an “entourage effect,” meaning they work together and build on each other’s capabilities.


Why Does CBG Cost So Much?

CBG is both rare and expensive because there is so little of it in a cannabis plant.


A cannabis plant will typically contain only 1% CBG. Compare this to the larger quantities of CBD (up to 25%) and THC (up to 30%). Also, the greatest concentration of CBG is in younger plants, so they have an earlier harvesting time.


How to Shop For CBG?

Although the cannabis industry is still in its early growth stage, and there isn’t as much regulation as in other industries, you don’t have to fly blind as a consumer. Here are some things you can look for when you shop for CBG on Chow420:

  • Select from reputable brands.
  • Ask where the hemp comes from. You’re looking for plants that are grown in clean, nutrient-rich soil.
  • Check to see if the product has been third-party tested.


Is it Illegal to Have CBG?

The federal, state, and local laws are constantly shifting and evolving around THC and CBG. You must check your local area to avoid the possibility of legal problems.


Generally, CBG abides by the same laws that control CBD, which cannot contain more than 0.3% THC. Still, check around where you live to steer clear of any hassles.

Summing Up

CBG may be the next big thing in the evolution of the cannabis market.

Although it is rare and comparatively expensive, it delivers a broad range of benefits without the intoxicating effects of other cannabis products.



CBG is fantastic! You should want to know more about the best cannabinoid product with more medicinal benefit claims than ever.


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